Reconceptualizing materialism as identity goal pursuits: Functions, processes, and consequences
This article proposes an expanded conceptualization of materialism that grounds materialism in research on the self. The article stresses the functions of materialistic goal pursuit, the processes by which these functions are developed and implemented, and their potential consequences. This functional perspective views materialistic behavior as motivated goal pursuit intended to construct and maintain self-identity, and defines materialism as the extent to which people engage in identity maintenance and construction through symbolic consumption. The article discusses the utility of this conceptualization of materialism in relation to other conceptualizations and suggests avenues for future research.
consumption (economics) futures studies goal (philosophy) goal pursuit group identity materialism self-identity signs & symbols well-being
L.J. Shrum, Nancy Wong, Farrah Arif, Sunaina K. Chugani, Alexander Gunz, Tina M. Lowrey, Agnes Nairn, Mario Pandelaere, Spencer M. Ross, Ayalla Ruvio, Kristin Scott, and Jill Sundie (2013). Reconceptualizing materialism as identity goal pursuits: Functions, processes, and consequences. Journal of Business Research, 66(8), Pages 1179-1185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.08.010
Sunaina K. Chugani
Tina M. Lowrey
Spencer M. Ross
Journal of Business Research | 2013