Beyond Poverty: Social Justice in a Global Marketplace
The social justice paradigm, developed in philosophy by John Rawls and others, reaches limits when confronted with diverse populations, unsound governments, and global markets. Its parameters are further limited by a traditional utilitarian approach to both industrial actors and consumer behaviors. Finally, by focusing too exclusively on poverty, as manifested in insufficient incomes or resources, the paradigm overlooks the oppressive role that gender, race, and religious prejudice play in keeping the poor subordinated. The authors suggest three ways in which marketing researchers could bring their unique expertise to the question of social justice in a global economy: by (1) reinventing the theoretical foundation laid down by thinkers such as Rawls, (2) documenting and evaluating emergent 'feasible fixes' to achieve justice (e.g., the global resource dividend, cause-related marketing, Fair Trade, philanthrocapitalism), and (3) exploring the parameters of the consumption basket that would be minimally required to achieve human capabilities.
Linda Scott, Jerome D Williams, Stacey Menzel Baker, Jan Brace-Govan, Hilary Downey, Anne-Marie Hakstian, Geraldine Rosa Henderson, Peggy Sue Loroz, and Dave Webb (2011). Beyond Poverty: Social Justice in a Global Marketplace. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 30(1), Pages 39-46. https://doi.org/10.1509/jppm.30.1.39
Jerome D Williams
Stacey Menzel Baker
Geraldine Rosa Henderson
Peggy Sue Loroz
Journal of Public Policy & Marketing | 2011