Transformative Topics

Welcome to June’s first edition of Transformative Topics, a series where we feature Transformative Consumer Research (TCR) in a topical area of consumer, environmental or societal well-being. To celebrate Pride Month we feature a paper that explores the challenges and opportunities associated with navigating the tensions associated with research on at risk consumers. The authors highlight the importance of including members of at risk consumer groups such as members of the LGBTQ+ community as ‘full marketplace participants’.


We invite you to find the paper at the TCR website here. You can also search the TCR archives for other publications on LGBTQ+ by typing a keyword or author into the search box.



Cornelia Pechmann, Elizabeth S. Moore, Alan R. Andreasen, Paul M. Connell, Dan Freeman, Meryl P. Gardner, Deborah Heisley, R. Craig Lefebvre, Dante M. Pirouz, and Robin L. Soster (2011). Navigating the Central Tensions in Research on At-Risk Consumers: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 30(1), Pages 23-30.


Abstract: A perennial problem in social marketing and public policy is the plight of at-risk consumers. The authors define at-risk consumers as marketplace participants who, because of historical or personal circumstances or disabilities, may be harmed by marketers' practices or may be unable or unwilling to take full advantage of marketplace opportunities. This definition refers to either objective reality or perceptions. Early research focused on consumers who were at risk because they were poor, ethnic or racial minorities, immigrants, women, or elderly. Today's researchers also study consumers who are at risk because they are from religious minorities, disabled, illiterate, homeless, indigent, lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. The authors identify four tensions affecting research on and policy and marketing applications for at-risk populations: the value of focusing on (1) vulnerabilities versus strengths, (2) radical versus marginal change, (3) targeting versus nontargeting, and (4) encouraging knowledgeable versus naive consumers. They conclude with a discussion of the significance of including at-risk consumers as full marketplace participants and identify future research directions.


Transformative Topics are brought to you by your TCR Digital Outreach Team


Laurel Steinfield

Roland Gau

Shauna Kearney

Naz Onel

Jane Machin


If you have suggestions for articles or topics to feature please reach out to any member of the Digital Outreach Team

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