The Four Dimensional Impact of Color on Shopper’S Emotions
ABSTRACT - The PAD-scale has extensively been used in consumer research. Since studies on the impact of store interior color on affective responses are scarce and have focussed solely on color hue, neglecting color brightness and saturation, and furthermore only investigated a maximum of four hues, the research objective was to validate the PAD scale by means of an 8 (hue) by 2 (brightness) by 2 (saturation) experimental design. The data do not seem to underlie three, but four factors: pleasure, tension, excitement and dominance. Overall, the four-dimensional PAD-scores prove to have adequate reliability and validity, although the dominance construct is rather weak.
Malaika Brengman and Maggie Geuens (2004) ,"The Four Dimensional Impact of Color on Shopper’S Emotions", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 31, eds. Barbara E. Kahn and Mary Frances Luce, Valdosta, GA : Association for Consumer Research, Pages: 122-128.
Malaika Brengman, Ghent University, Limburgs Universitair Centrum
Maggie Geuens, Ghent University
NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 31 | 2004
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