Do You “Work to Live” Or “Live to Work”? the Role of Mood and Confidence in Causal Agency

The literature has suggested that wanting to feel good leads to short-term indulgent choices. We suggest that attributing happiness to the self moves individuals from focusing on external sources of happiness (e.g., chocolates) to internal sources of happiness (e.g., one’s behavior, personal development). Such liberation of the self from external sources of happiness facilitates behaviors that are beneficial in personal development. Thus, confidence in agency attribution determines whether an external or internal mode of happiness governs behavior. Implications for the literatures on emotions, self-regulation, and consumer welfare will be discussed.


Aparna A. Labroo and Nidhi Agrawal (2009) ,"Do You “Work to Live” Or “Live to Work”? the Role of Mood and Confidence in Causal Agency", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 36, eds. Ann L. McGill and Sharon Shavitt, Duluth, MN : Association for Consumer Research, Pages: 123-126.


Aparna A. Labroo, University of Chicago, USA
Nidhi Agrawal , Northwestern University, USA


NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 36 | 2009

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