Ernest Dichter, Motivation Research and the Making of the Disembedded Consumer, 1939 – 1965
Twentieth-century consumer society was characterized by a process of "disembedding" as described by Karl Polanyi in The Great Transformation (1944) and the Austro-American consumer researcher Ernest Dichter played a key role in preparing the ideological framework necessary for this process to succeed. In order to assess Dichter’s role and that of Motivation Research in general in the creation of the concept of the disembedded consumer, the paper presents an analysis of around one hundred of Dichter’s unpublished consumer research reports ranging across different countries and industries between 1939 and 1965. Through content analysis and historical contextualization, I will show that Dichter and Motivation Research were instrumental in removing from existing market relationships the "invisible hand of social norms" (Varman and Costa, 2008). References Polanyi, Karl (1944), The Great Transformation: the Political and Economic Origins of our Time, Boston: Beacon Press. Varman, Rohit and Janeen Arnold Costa (2008), “Embedded Markets, Communities, and the Invisible Hand of Social Norms,” Journal of Macromarketing, 28 (June), 141-156.
Stefan Schwarzkopf (2011) ,"Ernest Dichter, Motivation Research and the Making of the Disembedded Consumer, 1939 – 1965", in E - European Advances in Consumer Research Volume 9, eds. Alan Bradshaw, Chris Hackley, and Pauline Maclaran, Duluth, MN : Association for Consumer Research, Pages: 577-578.
Stefan Schwarzkopf, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
E - European Advances in Consumer Research Volume 9 | 2011
Easy To Be Selfish: Comparing the Influence of a Social Norm and an Individual Example
Zheshuai Yang, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Yan Zhang, National University of Singapore, Singapore
A Salience Theory of Three Novel Exposure Effects
Kellen Mrkva, Columbia University, USA
Leaf Van Boven, University of Colorado, USA
Cultivating a Network of Trust: Exploring The Trust Building Agency of Objects in Home Sharing
Marian Makkar, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Drew Franklin, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand